Showing 1-12 of 70 blogs
March 2018
Blog
by Alexandra Readhead & David Mihalyi

This piece is available in Mongolian here. Governments of mining countries are vulnerable to investors using double tax agreements (DTAs) as a means of avoiding paying taxes. DTAs are bilateral, or multilateral agreements between countries that set out which country has the right to collect tax on different types of income. Interest expense on foreign…

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January 2018
Blog
by Mick Moore

In the past two decades, the debate on international taxation has changed considerably. While the system is still biased against the governments of developing countries, the politics have moved in their favour. If they are able to organise and work collectively, they have scope to make the international tax system less unfair. The system for…

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December 2017
Blog
by Obafemi Awolowo University Tax Club

Nigeria is one of the fastest-growing online nations on earth, with 91.6 million Nigerians online as of mid-2017, according to the country’s Communications Commission. But taxing this digital domain is still very much in the analogue era. Akintunde Agunbiade, Tolu Dada, Emmanuel Faith, Oreniyi Adesewa, Solomon Nzere, Ikusika Bamidele, Omotoso Feranmi, Anifowose Jadesola, Adelabu Adepeju,…

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December 2017
Blog
by Alexandra Readhead

Recently, 38 African tax authorities convened in Abuja for the International Conference on Tax in Africa, organised by the African Tax Administration Forum (ATAF). The group discussed ways to boost tax revenues, in particular, how to improve collection of corporate income tax. His Excellency Professor Yemi Osinbanjo, Vice President of Nigeria said in his keynote…

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October 2017
Blog
by Kyle McNabb

The increasing focus on domestic resource mobilization in developing countries means that, for researchers and policy makers, access to accurate and timely data is more important than ever. The Government Revenue Dataset (GRD) — developed by the International Centre for Tax and Development and now maintained by UNU-WIDER — remains the most complete source of…

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April 2017
Blog
by Maya Forstater

Nations vary in their approach to transparency about taxpayers. In Norway details of everyone’s income and taxes are published in annual ‘tax lists’. In most countries the information on your tax return is considered strictly confidential to the revenue authority. In recent years countries have agreed to exchange more information amongst themselves – such as…

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April 2017
Blog
by Sol Picciotto

Last week the UN Committee of Experts on International Tax (UNTC) met at the United Nations HQ in New York, a few metres from the Security Council meetings on Syria, followed by a special session on tax of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). Most of the meeting dealt with detailed technical issues, as the…

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April 2017
Blog
by Jalia Kangave

For the past twenty years, Maama Sula (let’s say) has run a small fast-food restaurant in a town called Wandegeya in Kampala, Uganda. She sources the bulk of her supplies from the women in the nearby market. Because her business is relatively well-established, she pays income taxes and Value Added Tax (VAT) to the central…

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March 2017
Blog
by Alex Cobham

There are now a range of estimates of the global scale of tax avoidance. These include: the $600 billion annual tax loss estimated by IMF researchers Crivelli et al. (2015; 2016), which divides roughly into $400 billion of OECD losses and $200 billion elsewhere; the $100 billion annual tax losses that UNCTAD’s World Investment Report…

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February 2017
Blog
by Alex Cobham

International tax rules for multinational companies appear to be approaching a major crossroads, for three reasons. First, the OECD Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) process is increasingly seen as unlikely to deliver on the ambition of its one stated aim, to reduce the misalignment between multinationals’ declared, taxable profits and the location of their…

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February 2017
Blog
by Bill Savedoff

Last November, I got a birthday gift from the International Monetary Fund: my very own copy of “How to Design and Enforce Tobacco Excises?” I don’t blame you for missing it—it came out 5 days before the US election. I was quite pleased to see it. I’ve been asking for an IMF statement on tobacco…

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January 2017
Blog
by Eustace Uzor

The need to achieve fiscal convergence and consolidation in Nigeria cannot be overemphasised. This is especially important considering that the economy recently slipped into recession, according to data from the National Bureau of Statistics. One notable factor for this is the high level of fiscal indiscipline at the subnational level, which mainly derives from problematic…

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